Wood pellet stoves are pretty remarkable inventions, which might explain why they have become so popular in Europe and are gaining in popularity in the United States. They offer a level of convenience, control, and sustainability that is not found in wood burning stoves.
Great qualities of wood pellet stoves
Convenience - Chopping and splitting wood, excessive smoke, creosote buildup – wood pellet stoves avoid all of these issues by burning clean burning pellets, unlike wood burning stoves. This offers a number of conveniences. You save on storage space by needing only a bag of pellets, you enjoy a cleaner fire, and you do not have to acquire cord after cord of wood.
Control - Wood pellet stoves give you a great amount of control over your fire. Some even go so far as to offer thermostats. You adjust the temperature you want in your room and the stove will alter the amount of pellets it burns. The temperature stays however hot you want it to because of this. This can even be expanded to heat your entire home if you invest in the necessary equipment to push warm air throughout the house.
Sustainability - Wood pellet stoves burn renewable resources, typically in the form of pellets made from wood by-products.They can be made from all sorts of waste products including sawdust, paper, wood chips, and agricultural crop waste. Burning these fuels is essentially carbon-neutral, as opposed to burning fossil fuels. By some estimates, this can reduce emissions by nearly 75 percent over fossil fuel heating methods.
Cost - Fossil fuel prices fluctuate significantly over time, especially compared to the cost of wood pellets. Depending on how you heat your home using your wood pellet stove, you could save a substantial amount on your energy bills.
Using wood pellet stoves also makes you think more critically about your energy usage and might encourage you to heat more cost-effectively. For instance, many pellet stove owners choose to install stoves in the rooms they use most. Instead of heating the whole house during colder months, they choose instead to heat only the rooms they are using.
The federal government likes energy efficiency as well, and is usually willing to pay you for it. This money comes in the form of a tax credit at the end of the year if you by a stove that meets minimum energy efficiency guidelines.